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ⓘ Tuzo ya Pulitzer ya Historia ni aina moja ya Tuzo za Pulitzer ambazo hutolewa kila mwaka nchini Marekani. Ni miongoni mwa aina za asili zilizotolewa kuanzia 191 ..




Tuzo ya Pulitzer ya Historia
                                     

ⓘ Tuzo ya Pulitzer ya Historia

Tuzo ya Pulitzer ya Historia ni aina moja ya Tuzo za Pulitzer ambazo hutolewa kila mwaka nchini Marekani. Ni miongoni mwa aina za asili zilizotolewa kuanzia 1917, na imetolewa kumheshimu mwandishi au mwanahistoria Mwarekani aliyeandika kitabu kuhusu historia ya Merkani katika mwaka uliopita.

Kuanzia 1980, wagombea watatu wa mwisho walikuwa hutangazwa, yaani mshindi mkuu pamoja na mshindi wa pili na wa tatu.

                                     

1. Washindi

Katika miaka 97 hadi 2013, Tuzo ya Historia ilitolewa mara 95; kulikuwa na washindi wawili mwaka wa 1989, na hakuwa na tuzo 1919, 1984 na 1994. Waandishi wanne wametuzwa Tuzo hiyo mara mbili:

  • Paul Horgan, 1955 na 1976
  • Margaret Leech, 1942 na 1960
  • Alan Taylor, 1996 na 2014
  • Bernard Bailyn, 1968 na 1987
                                     

1.1. Washindi Miaka ya 1920

  • 1925: History of the American Frontier kuandikwa na Frederic L. Paxson
  • 1924: The American Revolution: A Constitutional Interpretation kuandikwa na Charles Howard McIlwain
  • 1928: Main Currents in American Thought kuandikwa na Vernon Louis Parrington
  • 1927: Pinckneys Treaty kuandikwa na Samuel Flagg Bemis
  • 1920: The War with Mexico kuandikwa na Justin H. Smith
  • 1923: The Supreme Court in United States History kuandikwa na Charles Warren
  • 1921: The Victory at Sea kuandikwa na William Sowden Sims and Burton J. Hendrick
  • 1922: The Founding of New England kuandikwa na James Truslow Adams
  • 1926: A History of the United States kuandikwa na Edward Channing
  • 1929: The Organization and Administration of the Union Army, 1861–1865 kuandikwa na Fred Albert Shannon
                                     

1.2. Washindi Miaka ya 1930

  • 1935: The Colonial Period of American History kuandikwa na Charles McLean Andrews
  • 1938: The Road to Reunion, 1865–1900 kuandikwa na Paul Herman Buck
  • 1937: The Flowering of New England, 1815–1865 kuandikwa na Van Wyck Brooks
  • 1934: The Peoples Choice kuandikwa na Herbert Agar
  • 1936: A Constitutional History of the United States kuandikwa na Andrew C. McLaughlin
  • 1933: The Significance of Sections in American History kuandikwa na Frederick J. Turner
  • 1930: The War of Independence kuandikwa na Claude H. Van Tyne
  • 1939: A History of American Magazines kuandikwa na Frank Luther Mott
  • 1931: The Coming of the War, 1914 kuandikwa na Bernadotte E. Schmitt
  • 1932: My Experiences in the World War kuandikwa na John J. Pershing
                                     

1.3. Washindi Miaka ya 1940

  • 1940: Abraham Lincoln: The War Years kuandikwa na Carl Sandburg
  • 1946: The Age of Jackson kuandikwa na Arthur M. Schlesinger, Jr.
  • 1942: Reveille in Washington, 1860–1865 kuandikwa na Margaret Leech
  • 1948: Across the Wide Missouri kuandikwa na Bernard DeVoto
  • 1941: The Atlantic Migration, 1607–1860 kuandikwa na Marcus Lee Hansen
  • 1949: The Disruption of American Democracy kuandikwa na Roy Franklin Nichols
  • 1944: The Growth of American Thought kuandikwa na Merle Curti
  • 1943: Paul Revere and the World He Lived In kuandikwa na Esther Forbes
  • 1945: Unfinished Business kuandikwa na Stephen Bonsal
  • 1947: Scientists Against Time kuandikwa na James Phinney Baxter III
                                     

1.4. Washindi Miaka ya 1950

  • 1958: Banks and Politics in America kuandikwa na Bray Hammond
  • 1959: The Republican Era: 1869–1901 kuandikwa na Leonard D. White na Jean Schneider
  • 1953: The Era of Good Feelings kuandikwa na George Dangerfield
  • 1955: Great River: The Rio Grande in North American History kuandikwa na Paul Horgan
  • 1950: Art and Life in America kuandikwa na Oliver W. Larkin
  • 1952: The Uprooted kuandikwa na Oscar Handlin
  • 1954: A Stillness at Appomattox kuandikwa na Bruce Catton
  • 1956: The Age of Reform kuandikwa na Richard Hofstadter
  • 1957: Russia Leaves the War: Soviet-American Relations, 1917–1920 kuandikwa na George F. Kennan
  • 1951: The Old Northwest, Pioneer Period 1815–1840 kuandikwa na R. Carlyle Buley
                                     

1.5. Washindi Miaka ya 1960

  • 1966: The Life of the Mind in America kuandikwa na Perry Miller
  • 1965: The Greenback Era kuandikwa na Irwin Unger
  • 1964: Puritan Village: The Formation of a New England Town kuandikwa na Sumner Chilton Powell
  • 1960: In the Days of McKinley kuandikwa na Margaret Leech
  • 1963: Washington, Village and Capital, 1800–1878 kuandikwa na Constance McLaughlin Green
  • 1961: Between War and Peace: The Potsdam Conference kuandikwa na Herbert Feis
  • 1969: Origins of the Fifth Amendment kuandikwa na Leonard W. Levy
  • 1962: The Triumphant Empire: Thunder-Clouds Gather in the West, 1763–1766 kuandikwa na Lawrence H. Gipson
  • 1967: Exploration and Empire: The Explorer and the Scientist in the Winning of the American West kuandikwa na William H. Goetzmann
  • 1968: The Ideological Origins of the American Revolution kuandikwa na Bernard Bailyn
                                     

1.6. Washindi Miaka ya 1970

  • 1972: Neither Black nor White kuandikwa na Carl N. Degler
  • 1970: Present at the Creation: My Years in the State Department kuandikwa na Dean Acheson
  • 1976: Lamy of Santa Fe kuandikwa na Paul Horgan
  • 1973: People of Paradox: An Inquiry Concerning the Origins of American Civilization kuandikwa na Michael Kammen
  • 1971: Roosevelt: The Soldier Of Freedom kuandikwa na James MacGregor Burns
  • 1974: The Americans: The Democratic Experience kuandikwa na Daniel J. Boorstin
  • 1975: Jefferson and His Time kuandikwa na Dumas Malone
  • 1979: The Dred Scott Case: Its Significance in American Law and Politics kuandikwa na Don E. Fehrenbacher
  • 1978: The Visible Hand: The Managerial Revolution in American Business kuandikwa na Alfred D. Chandler, Jr.
  • 1977: The Impending Crisis, 1848–1861 kuandikwa na David M. Potter baada ya kifo chake tu; kitabu kikamalizwa na Don E. Fehrenbacher


                                     

1.7. Washindi Miaka ya 1980

  • 1980: Been in the Storm So Long kuandikwa na Leon F. Litwack
  • The Urban Crucible kuandikwa na Gary B. Nash
  • The Plains Across kuandikwa na John B. Unruh
  • 1981: American Education: The National Experience, 1783–1876 kuandikwa na Lawrence A. Cremin
  • A Search for Power: The Weaker Sex in Seventeenth Century New England kuandikwa na Lyle Koehler
  • Over Here: The First World War and American Society kuandikwa na David M. Kennedy
  • White Supremacy: A Comparative Study in American & South African History kuandikwa na George M. Fredrickson
  • Power and Culture: The Japanese-American War, 1941–1945 kuandikwa na Akira Iriye
  • 1982: Mary Chesnuts Civil War kuandikwa na C. Vann Woodward
  • 1983: The Transformation of Virginia, 1740–1790 kuandikwa na Rhys L. Isaac
  • The Glorious Cause: The American Revolution, 1763–1789 kuandikwa na Robert Middlekauff
  • Southern Honor: Ethics & Behavior in the Old South kuandikwa na Bertram Wyatt-Brown
  • 1985: Prophets of Regulation kuandikwa na Thomas K. McCraw
  • 1984: hakuna tuzo
  • The Great Father: The United States Government and the American Indians kuandikwa na Francis Paul Prucha
  • The Crucible of Race kuandikwa na Joel Williamson
  • Novus Ordo Seclorum: the Intellectual Origins of the Constitution kuandikwa na Forrest McDonald
  • Emigrants and Exiles: Ireland and the Irish Exodus to North America kuandikwa na Kerby A. Miller
  • 1986.the Heavens and the Earth: A Political History of the Space Age kuandikwa na Walter A. McDougall
  • Labor of Love, Labor of Sorrow: Black Women, Work and the Family from Slavery to the Present kuandikwa na Jacqueline Jones
  • Bearing the Cross: Martin Luther King, Jr. and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference kuandikwa na David Garrow
  • Eisenhower: At War, 1943–1945 kuandikwa na David Eisenhower
  • 1987: Voyagers to the West: A Passage in the Peopling of America on the Eve of the Revolution kuandikwa na Bernard Bailyn
  • The Care of Strangers: The Rise of Americas Hospital System kuandikwa na Charles E. Rosenberg
  • 1988: The Launching of Modern American Science, 1846–1876 kuandikwa na Robert V. Bruce
  • The Fall of the House of Labor kuandikwa na David Montgomery
  • Reconstruction: Americas Unfinished Revolution, 1863–1877 kuandikwa na Eric Foner
  • 1989: Parting the Waters: America in the King Years 1954–1963 kuandikwa na Taylor Branch
  • 1989: Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era kuandikwa na James M. McPherson
  • A Bright Shining Lie: John Paul Vann and America in Vietnam kuandikwa na Neil Sheehan


                                     

1.8. Washindi Miaka ya 1990

  • 1990: In Our Image: Americas Empire in the Philippines kuandikwa na Stanley Karnow
  • The Image of the Black in Western Art, Volume IV: From the American Revolution to World War I kuandikwa na Hugh Honour
  • American Genesis: A Century of Invention and Technological Enthusiasm 1870–1970 kuandikwa na Thomas P. Hughes
  • Making a New Deal: Industrial Workers in Chicago, 1919–1939 kuandikwa na Lizabeth Cohen
  • 1991: A Midwifes Tale kuandikwa na Laurel Thatcher Ulrich
  • The Civil Rights Era: Origins and Development of National Policy kuandikwa na Hugh David Graham
  • America in 1857: A Nation on the Brink kuandikwa na Kenneth M. Stampp
  • Natures Metropolis: Chicago and the Great West kuandikwa na William Cronon
  • A Very Thin Line: The Iran-Contra Affairs kuandikwa na Theodore Draper
  • 1992: The Fate of Liberty: Abraham Lincoln and Civil Liberties kuandikwa na Mark E. Neely, Jr.
  • Profits in the Wilderness: Entrepreneurship and the Founding of New England Towns in the Seventeenth Century kuandikwa na John Frederick Martin
  • The Middle Ground: Indians, Empires, and Republics in the Great Lakes Region, 1650–1815 kuandikwa na Richard White
  • 1993: The Radicalism of the American Revolution kuandikwa na Gordon S. Wood
  • Lincoln at Gettysburg: The Words That Remade America kuandikwa na Garry Wills
  • The Promise of the New South: Life After Reconstruction kuandikwa na Edward L. Ayers
  • Case Closed: Lee Harvey Oswald and the Assassination of JFK kuandikwa na Gerald Posner
  • William Faulkner and Southern History kuandikwa na Joel Williamson
  • 1994: hakuna tuzo
  • Crime and Punishment in American History kuandikwa na Lawrence M. Friedman
  • 1995: No Ordinary Time: Franklin and Eleanor Roosevelt: The Home Front in World War II kuandikwa na Doris Kearns Goodwin
  • Lincoln in American Memory kuandikwa na Merrill D. Peterson
  • Stories of Scottsboro kuandikwa na James Goodman
  • The Sacred Fire of Liberty: James Madison and the Founding of the Federal Republic kuandikwa na Lance Banning
  • 1996: William Coopers Town: Power and Persuasion on the Frontier of the Early American Republic kuandikwa na Alan Taylor
  • Dark Sun: The Making of the Hydrogen Bomb kuandikwa na Richard Rhodes
  • 1997: Original Meanings: Politics and Ideas in the Making of the Constitution kuandikwa na Jack N. Rakove
  • The Battle for Christmas kuandikwa na Stephen Nissenbaum
  • Founding Mothers and Fathers kuandikwa na Mary Beth Norton
  • Big Trouble: A Murder in a Small Western Town Sets Off a Struggle for the Soul of America kuandikwa na J. Anthony Lukas
  • Civic Ideals: Conflicting Visions of Citizenship in U.S. History kuandikwa na Rogers Smith
  • 1998: Summer for the Gods: The Scopes Trial and Americas Continuing Debate Over Science and Religion kuandikwa na Edward J. Larson
  • 1999: Gotham: A History of New York City to 1898 kuandikwa na Edwin G. Burrows na Mike Wallace
  • The New Ocean: The Story of the First Space Age kuandikwa na William E. Burrows
  • In a Barren Land: American Indian Dispossession and Survival kuandikwa na Paula Mitchell Marks
                                     

1.9. Washindi Miaka ya 2000

  • The Cousins Wars: Religion, Politics and the Triumph of Anglo-America kuandikwa na Kevin Phillips
  • Into the American Woods: Negotiators on the Pennsylvania Frontier kuandikwa na James H. Merrell
  • 2000: Freedom From Fear: The American People in Depression and War, 1929–1945 kuandikwa na David M. Kennedy
  • 2001: Founding Brothers: The Revolutionary Generation kuandikwa na Joseph J. Ellis
  • Way Out There in the Blue kuandikwa na Frances FitzGerald
  • The Right to Vote: The Contested History of Democracy in the United States kuandikwa na Alexander Keyssar
  • Facing East from Indian Country: A Native History of Early America kuandikwa na Daniel K. Richter
  • Deep Souths: Delta, Piedmont, and the Sea Island Society in the Age of Segregation kuandikwa na J. William Harris
  • 2002: The Metaphysical Club: A Story of Ideas in America kuandikwa na Louis Menand
  • Rereading Sex: Battles Over Sexual Knowledge and Suppression in Nineteenth Century America kuandikwa na Helen Lefkowitz Horowitz
  • At the Hands of Persons Unknown: The Lynching of Black America kuandikwa na Philip Dray
  • 2003: An Army at Dawn: The War in North Africa 1942–1943 kuandikwa na Rick Atkinson
  • 2004: A Nation Under Our Feet kuandikwa na Steven Hahn
  • They Marched Into Sunlight: War and Peace, Vietnam and America, October 1967 kuandikwa na David Maraniss
  • Great Fortune: The Epic of Rockefeller Center kuandikwa na Daniel Okrent
  • Arc of Justice: A Saga of Race, Civil Rights, and Murder in the Jazz Age kuandikwa na Kevin Boyle
  • 2005: Washingtons Crossing kuandikwa na David Hackett Fischer
  • Conjectures of Order: Intellectual Life and the American South, 1810-1860, volumes 1 & 2 kuandikwa na Michael OBrien
  • New York Burning kuandikwa na Jill Lepore
  • 2006: Polio: An American Story kuandikwa na David Oshinsky
  • The Rise of American Democracy: Jefferson to Lincoln kuandikwa na Sean Wilentz
  • Mayflower: A Story of Courage, Community, and War kuandikwa na Nathaniel Philbrick
  • Middle Passages: African American Journeys to Africa, 1787-2005 kuandikwa na James T. Campbell
  • 2007: The Race Beat kuandikwa na Gene Roberts na Hank Klibanoff
  • The Coldest Winter: America and the Korean War kuandikwa na David Halberstam
  • Nixon and Kissinger: Partners in Power kuandikwa na Robert Dallek
  • 2008: What Hath God Wrought: the Transformation of America, 1815–1848 kuandikwa na Daniel Walker Howe
  • 2009: The Hemingses of Monticello: An American Family kuandikwa na Annette Gordon-Reed
  • This Republic of Suffering: Death and the American Civil War kuandikwa na Drew Gilpin Faust
  • The Liberal Hour: Washington and the Politics of Change in the 1960s kuandikwa na G. Calvin Mackenzie na Robert Weisbrot


                                     

1.10. Washindi Miaka ya 2010

  • Empire of Liberty: A History of the Early Republic, 1789-1815 kuandikwa na Gordon S. Wood
  • 2010: Lords of Finance: The Bankers Who Broke the World kuandikwa na Liaquat Ahamed
  • Fordlandia: The Rise and Fall of Henry Fords Forgotten Jungle City kuandikwa na Greg Grandin
  • 2011: The Fiery Trial: Abraham Lincoln and American Slavery kuandikwa na Eric Foner
  • Eden on the Charles: The Making of Boston kuandikwa na Michael J. Rawson
  • Confederate Reckoning: Power and Politics in the Civil War South kuandikwa na Stephanie McCurry
  • Railroaded: The Transcontinentals and the Making of Modern America kuandikwa na Richard White
  • 2012: Malcolm X: A Life of Reinvention kuandikwa na Manning Marable
  • The Eleventh Day: The Full Story of 9/11 and Osama Bin Laden kuandikwa na Anthony Summers na Robbyn Swan
  • Empires, Nations & Families: A History of the North American West, 1800-1860 kuandikwa na Anne F. Hyde
  • The Barbarous Years: The Peopling of British North America: The Conflict of Civilizations, 1600-1675 kuandikwa na Bernard Bailyn
  • Lincoln’s Code: The Laws of War in American History kuandikwa na John Fabian Witt
  • 2013: Embers of War: The Fall of an Empire and the Making of America’s Vietnam kuandikwa na Fredrik Logevall
  • 2014: The Internal Enemy: Slavery and War in Virginia, 1772-1832 kuandikwa na Alan Taylor
  • A Dreadful Deceit: The Myth of Race from the Colonial Era to Obamas America kuandikwa na Jacqueline Jones
  • Command and Control: Nuclear Weapons, the Damascus Accident and the Illusion of Safety kuandikwa na Eric Schlosser
  • Empire of Cotton: A Global History kuandikwa na Sven Beckert
  • 2015: Encounters at the Heart of the World: A History of the Mandan People kuandikwa na Elizabeth A. Fenn
  • An Empire on the Edge: How Britain Came to Fight America kuandikwa na Nick Bunker
  • Marching Home: Union Veterans and Their Unending Civil War kuandikwa na Brian Matthew Jordan
  • 2016: Custers Trials: A Life on the Frontier of a New America kuandikwa na T. J. Stiles
  • The Pentagons Brain: An Uncensored History of DARPA, Americas Top-Secret Military Research Agency kuandikwa na Annie Jacobsen
  • Target Tokyo: Jimmy Doolittle and the Raid That Avenged Pearl Harbor kuandikwa na James M. Scott
                                     
  • Machi 1932 alikuwa mwanahistoria kutoka nchi ya Marekani. Mwaka wa 1933, alipokea Tuzo ya Pulitzer ya Historia kwa kitabu chake The Significance of Sections
  • Tanzania 26 Julai Jackson Bate, mwandishi wa Marekani na mshindi wa Tuzo ya Pulitzer mwaka wa 1964 14 Oktoba - Mwalimu Julius Nyerere, Rais wa Tanganyika
  • wa 1955 24 Machi John Hersey, mwandishi wa Marekani na mshindi wa Tuzo ya Pulitzer mwaka wa 1945 11 Aprili - Janet Bragg, rubani wa kike kutoka Marekani
  • Kemia mwaka wa 1910 10 Aprili - Joseph Pulitzer mhariri wa magazeti Mmarekani, na mwanzishaji wa Tuzo ya Pulitzer 8 Novemba - Bram Stoker, mwandishi kutoka
  • Köhler, mshindi wa Tuzo ya Nobel ya Tiba, mwaka wa 1984 8 Machi Paul Horgan, mwandishi wa Marekani na mshindi wa Tuzo ya Pulitzer mwaka wa 1955 14 Machi
  • Machi 1969 alikuwa mwanahistoria kutoka nchi ya Marekani. Mwaka wa 1931, alipokea Tuzo ya Pulitzer ya Historia kwa kitabu chake The Coming of the War, 1914
  • Juni 1968 alikuwa mwanahistoria kutoka nchi ya Marekani. Mwaka wa 1924, alipokea Tuzo ya Pulitzer ya Historia kwa kitabu chake The American Revolution:
  • Septemba 1943 alikuwa mwanahistoria kutoka nchi ya Marekani. Mwaka wa 1935, alipokea Tuzo ya Pulitzer ya Historia kwa kitabu chake The Colonial Period of American
  • mshindi wa Tuzo ya Pulitzer mwaka wa 1945 27 Novemba - James Agee, mwandishi kutoka Marekani 14 Desemba - Edward Tatum, mshindi wa Tuzo ya Nobel ya Tiba mwaka
  • mwanahistoria na mwandishi wa habari kutoka nchi ya Marekani. Mwaka wa 1934, alipokea Tuzo ya Pulitzer ya Historia kwa kitabu chake The People s Choice.

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Barazani Agosti, 2020 Media Council of Tanzania.

Ya masuala tata katika historia ya huduma hiyo ya ujasusi duniani. cha Septemba 11, ambacho kilimshindia tuzo la Pulitzer kwamba Bin. Maprofesa washauri usiumalize 2018 bila kusoma vitabu hivi. Kufungia kuwe mambo yaliyopitwa na historia. MCT, MSHINDI WA. TUZO YA IPI 2003. FREE MEDIA. PIONEER. Waandishi wa habari wakiwa.


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