Back

ⓘ Vita vya tatu vya Kiyahudi dhidi ya Warumi vilifanyika hasa katika Yudea, sehemu ya Dola la Roma. Vilifuata vile vya kwanza 66-73 vilivyotokea katika Yudea na v ..




Vita vya tatu vya Kiyahudi
                                     

ⓘ Vita vya tatu vya Kiyahudi

Vita vya tatu vya Kiyahudi dhidi ya Warumi vilifanyika hasa katika Yudea, sehemu ya Dola la Roma.

Vilifuata vile vya kwanza 66-73 vilivyotokea katika Yudea na vya pili 115–117, hasa nje ya Palestina.

Pamoja na ushujaa wa Wayahudi waliopigania uhuru wa nchi yao chini ya Simoni Bar Kokhba, hatimaye Warumi walipata ushindi, waliangamiza Wayahudi wengi, walifuta mamlaka yao ya ndani na kuwafukuza moja kwa moja kutoka Yerusalemu iliyojengwa upya kama mji wa Kiroma uliotwa "Aelia Capitolina". Wayahudi waliruhusiwa kuutembelea lakini waliweza kurudi tu baada ya uvamizi wa Kiislamu mnamo mwaka 638.

                                     

1. Marejeo

  • The Documents from the Bar Kokhba Period in the Cave of Letters Judean Desert studies. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration Society, 1963–2002.
  • Eshel, Hanan 2003. "The Dates used during the Bar Kokhba Revolt", in Peter Schäfer: The Bar Kokhba War Reconsidered: New Perspectives on the Second Jewish Revolt Against Rome. Mohr Siebeck, 95–96. ISBN 978-3-16-148076-8.
  • Vol. 2, "Greek Papyri", edited by Naphtali Lewis; "Aramaic and Nabatean Signatures and Subscriptions", edited by Yigael Yadin and Jonas C. Greenfield. ISBN 9652210099.
  • Vol. 3, "Hebrew, Aramaic and Nabatean–Aramaic Papyri", edited Yigael Yadin, Jonas C. Greenfield, Ada Yardeni, BaruchA. Levine ISBN 9652210463.
  • Yohannan Aharoni & Michael Avi-Yonah, The MacMillan Bible Atlas, Revised Edition, pp. 164–65 1968 & 1977 by Carta Ltd.
  • Yadin, Yigael. Bar-Kokhba: The Rediscovery of the Legendary Hero of the Second Jewish Revolt Against Rome. New York: Random House, 1971 hardcover, ISBN 0-394-47184-9; London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson, 1971 hardcover, ISBN 0-297-00345-3.
  • W. Eck, The Bar Kokhba Revolt: the Roman point of view in the Journal of Roman Studies 89 1999 76ff.
  • Peter Schäfer editor, Bar Kokhba reconsidered, Tübingen: Mohr: 2003
  • Goodman, Martin. The Ruling Class of Judaea: The Origins of the Jewish Revolt against Rome, A.D. 66–70. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1987 hardcover, ISBN 0-521-33401-2; 1993 paperback, ISBN 0-521-44782-8.
  • Mildenberg, Leo. The Coinage of the Bar Kokhba War. Switzerland: Schweizerische Numismatische Gesellschaft, Zurich, 1984 hardcover, ISBN 3-7941-2634-3.
  • Aharon Oppenheimer, The Ban of Circumcision as a Cause of the Revolt: A Reconsideration, in Bar Kokhba reconsidered, Peter Schäfer editor, Tübingen: Mohr: 2003
  • Faulkner, Neil. Apocalypse: The Great Jewish Revolt Against Rome. Stroud, Gloucestershire, UK: Tempus Publishing, 2004 hardcover, ISBN 0-7524-2573-0.
  • Richard Marks: The Image of Bar Kokhba in Traditional Jewish Literature: False Messiah and National Hero: University Park: Pennsylvania State University Press: 1994: ISBN 0-271-00939-X
  • David Ussishkin: "Archaeological Soundings at Betar, Bar-Kochbas Last Stronghold", in: Tel Aviv. Journal of the Institute of Archaeology of Tel Aviv University 20 1993 66ff.
                                     

2. Viungo vya nje

  • Bar Kokba and Bar Kokba War Jewish Encyclopedia
  • Photographs from Yadins book Bar Kokhba Archived Januari 17, 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
  • Wars between the Jews and Romans: Simon ben Kosiba 130-136 CE, with English translations of sources.
  • Archaeologists find tunnels from Jewish revolt against Romans by the Associated Press. Haaretz March 14, 2006